Even if I was in the middle of a story…. Dad passed away peacefully with his wife by his side holding his hand at Coronation Hospital on March 26, Bob is survived by his wife Anne of 55 years, son Lenard, daughter Leighanne, daughter-in-law Shonna, grandchildren Hailey and Tori, great granddaughter Gabby, sister Doris, sister-in-law Jeanette, along with numerous nieces and nephews. His family moved to Consort where Earl finished his schooling.
Earl attended the University of Alberta and earned his degree in Education and later his diploma in Educational Administration. He taught in Consort and Valleyview before permanently residing in Brooks. Earl spent most of his career at Griffin Park School as the Social Studies Librarian and teaching various courses, whatever was required. After thirty-two years of teaching, he retired in Throughout his life Earl was a very active and busy man.
He loved to curl, water ski, downhill ski, camp, hunt, dance, read, and cook. Earl was also involved with various local organizations. Earl was a member of the Elks for over 46 years and served on the local executive for many years. He was the Elks Provincial President for — and assisted in the writing of the history of the Elks in Canada. Earl was also a contributing member of the Brooks Masonic Order. He thoroughly enjoyed his many meetings and the many friends he grew to know.
In the last ten years, Earl suffered from various health problems and his life was quiet. Funeral services were held Friday, April 7th at p. Esther Baerends officiating. In Olga married Julius Schroeder in Poland. Their first child Gerda was born in but passed away at age 2. While Julius was serving in the German army Olga and her father-in-law had to flee to Germany with two teams and wagons in the middle of the winter to escape the Russian invasion of Poland.
When Julius found her after the war, he worked for a farmer. In daughter Gisela made her debut, followed by Manfred in In they decided to immigrate to Canada. They came by boat from Germany to Quebec City, then by train to Loverna, Saskatchewan and finally to Esther with a railway speeder. Eventually they rented farm land nine miles south of Esther which they later purchased. Two more daughters were born to the family, Evelyn in and Alma in Olga labored diligently and lovingly at all the tasks required of a farm wife.
Milking cows, feeding calves, pigs, chickens and turkeys, while tending a large garden and looking after her family without the conveniences of electricity and running water. In they sold the farm and moved to Oyen and in into their new home. They attended St. Peters Lutheran Church in Sibbald and later in Oyen. It was an important part of their lives. Olga took several jobs including cooking for the Department of Highways, custodian of Oyen Public School, and painting for the school division. Olga moved to the Lodge after Julius passed away and when her health deteriorated she moved to the Auxiliary until her passing.
Officiating Clergy was Reverend Larry Lentz. The reader was Kevin Labbe. Following the funeral service, family and friends were invited to a luncheon hosted by Lee Family Catering in the Esther Community Hall. Fern was born January 30, at the home of her parents near Sedalia, Alberta. She grew up on the family farm and was educated at Butte Vale School.
She was an excellent, conscientious student, skipping several grades in her primary years. Fern and her siblings were raised during hard times and made their own entertainment playing hide and seek, participating in scrub softball games, skating, playing parlour games and walking for miles and miles to visit neighbours. After leaving school she worked in Calgary as a domestic for a short while and as a hired girl for a family at Walsh, Alberta. On September 29, she married George Cook. They lived on the Cook farm south of Monitor, Alberta and raised their family there until they relocated to Edmonton in Fern continued working — as a nanny, before venturing into the office world.
Fern worked in the oilfield service and supply industry for many years until her retirement from the work force in Fern was predeceased by her parents: Jack and Eleanor Thornton and George, her husband of 31 years. Grandson: Darryl Michelle , great grandchildren Rhiannon and Cole. Sisters: Iris and Linda Verne. Fern loved to read, do crossword puzzles, write poems and was keenly interested in all levels of Government. She loved watching Question Period on TV and listening to talk back shows on the radio. At the age of 85 she authored a book entitled Prairie Trails which depicted pioneer life on the prairies in the early s.
She was a private person but had a great sense of humour and lived a simple, quiet life. She took pleasure in the small things like prairie sunsets, the smell of new mown hay, homemade buns, fried chicken, potato salad and apple pie a la mode. A memorial service will be held at a later date.
The family would like to thank the South Terrace Nursing Home staff for their patience, understanding and care of Mom during her 6 year stay there. In lieu of flowers donations may be made to the Marian Centre, — 98 Street N. She passed away after a courageous battle with cancer, on April 20, at the age of 83 years, at Invermere, British Columbia. Joyce grew up in North Vancouver with her parents and two brothers, John and Bob, and graduated high school there. She met, and then soon married, Gilbert Mierau and moved to the oilpatch of Devon, Alberta.
She had three children, Randy, Pete and Chris, while in Devon, then moved to the start-up of the oilpatch in Swan Hills in The pioneering of the Swan Hills country was difficult but she endured to raise a happy household. Joyce was a hard and dedicated worker. She worked as a telephone operator after graduating school in North Vancouver. She also worked as an administrator at the Swan Hills town office. Although she had her jobs, always the raising of her children came first. She got an apartment and job there. She worked there for a few years, then met Gordon Ehlers whom she eventually married and moved to Carnduff, Saskatchewan, back to the Esso oilpatch.
After a few years with Gordon, their marriage dissolved and she was on the move again. She was very adventurous and lived in many places on her own including Barrhead, Calgary, Claresholm, and Consort, in Alberta, and finally back to B. Joyce was a very loving mother and wife who could always seem to find the good in all people. She loved animals and could have any pet trained in no time. She was a very spiritual person and had the trip of a lifetime when she went to Israel. Joyce was always happy and proud to be where she was living and made the best of anywhere she went.
She enjoyed camping, snowmobiling, gardening, raising her children and her pets. Joyce was always thinking of others before herself and continued that way of thinking right up until her passing. Joyce always had the mountains of B. She always had said that she was born in the mountains and would pass in the mountains. Joyce was loved by whoever she met and had so many friends in her later years at the Columbia Gardens. A memorial service was held at Canal Flats, B. He went to school in Consort and later to Olds College where he made life-long friendships.
Back at the farm, he continued to raise cattle and work the land his father homesteaded. Marion and Bill married in and worked together on the farm where they lived until moving to the lodge. Travelling with Marion and friends was another pleasure. The first holiday abroad was to England—to visit where William senior was born. Then there were tours in Europe, Scandinavia, Iceland, Australia and other places, often with an agricultural focus. Although a Sunday drive in the country was probably always his favourite trip. A rancher at heart, his love of the land and horses never faded.
As a hobby, Bill built buggies, covered wagons in which he and Marion went on several trail rides , sleighs and made harness. His grandchildren all fondly remember going for horse-drawn rides, and getting to drive the horses themselves. Grandpa Coulton taught them all to build and do things from bird houses to ice cream making. He also taught them all to appreciate a good butter tart.
Albert and son Rob Cindy of Consort. Grandson Jeremy le Riche gave a loving tribute. Robbie Knight and the Community Choir presented their gifts of music. Family and friends gathered in the lower hall for a time of fellowship and a luncheon by the Knox UCW. Condolences may be viewed or sent to the family at www. For all the support and friendship everyone has accorded our family in the recent weeks, we are grateful and truly blessed. Thank you to the care givers and Dr. Akindipe of the Coronation and Consort Hospitals for their compassionate care given Bill while he was their patient, as well as the Lodge staff.
She was the youngest of four children that included: Walter, Martha and Harry. On June 15, , at the Provost Hospital, Leta passed away peacefully surrounded by her family. As a young woman, Leta enjoyed dances and visiting. She worked as a waitress in Coronation and Consort before meeting a special young man. Leta married the love of her life, David Guenthner, on November 26, In a marriage that spanned 62 years, they shared tears, smiles, laughter, the odd argument and love. Together they raised their three boys, Gary, Kenneth and Ronald, at the family ranch near Sounding Lake.
Leta was strong-willed and she embraced the challenges of raising three rambunctious boys out in the country. She honed her cooking skills, which David had shared were poor in the early years, and continued to turn out wonderful meals for her family into her 80s. Throughout their years together, David and Leta enjoyed the odd travel trip, visiting with friends, playing cards and spending time with their grandchildren. Not one to sit still, Leta also took up many pastimes over the years.
She kept busy with curling, sewing, gardening, woodworking, quilting, shopping and checking out garage sales! Even into retirement, Leta could be found helping out on the ranch to keep entertained. She was happy to tag along checking cows, make dinner for a tired crew, be a pilot car for moving machinery and she even engaged in the occasional high speed chase after a cow! Young at heart, Leta also embraced technology. She took the occasional course and enjoyed spending time playing games and looking up information on her tablet, computer or phone. Leta loved and treasured her family.
Her zest for life and spicy attitude kept us all on our toes! The joy and laughter that she brought into our lives will be dearly missed. Leta is also survived by eleven great grandchildren; brother-in-law Larry of Consort; as well as a large extended family and many dear friends. Following the memorial service, family and friends were invited to a luncheon hosted by the Consort Community in the Consort Sportex.
The tent of God is with mankind, and he will reside with them, and they will be with his people. And God is with mankind, and he will reside with them and they will be his people. And God himself will be with them. The former things have passed away. How do you summarize 84 years in a single eulogy? As an English teacher I have learned that the best way to convey a feeling is through a story. Each and every story is comprised of a beginning, a middle and an end.
She was the baby sister to two older brothers, Walter and Harry, and sister, Martha. However, the stories she shared would indicate that she was a happy child embraced by a doting family that she remembered fondly. Grandma was the only person left in her family for many years so I believe that sharing these memories was challenging for her as she always missed them dearly.
A new chapter began for Grandma at 17 when she met and married her soulmate David Guenthner. Grandma often felt a little put-out when we would joke about where each of us got our character traits from. She felt that the negative traits always came from her and grandpa was always attributed with the positive traits. However, as everyone knows behind every good man is a good woman. Grandma was the glue of our family. She ensured that everyone stayed connected whether it be distant cousins, neighbors or friends.
Throughout their marriage, Grandma worked diligently to create a warm home while also contributing to the family farm. Jodie fondly remembers Grandpa threatening to hit Grandma with his cane when she was misbehaving, even though we all knew he would never hurt a fly! When Grandpa moved to the extended care in Provost you could sometimes catch them napping together in his room.
She honored and cherished him always. Her sons were her pride and joy and she loved them like only a mother could. Which was lucky for them as they were quite a handful! Although Grandma was small, she was also mighty and with Grandpa being so soft-hearted discipline was often up to her. She maintained a firm hold with a doubled up electrical cord that she used to show the boys who was boss when they got too rowdy. May I add that after having supper in a restaurant with Dad and Uncle Ron last week I think they could have used a couple more good whacks!
The close bond the boys held with their mother resulted in a lot of jokes about them never being weaned. Ronnie would say that this pertains more to Kenny, but Grandma was always in quite a dither before he came for a visit trying to make all of his favorite foods. Grandma loved joking with her boys and keeping them guessing as to what she would do next. She would come home from having her nails done just gleaming, hoping that Kenny would disapprove of the bold design or color she had chosen.
The boys were eager to repay the favor. Bobbie recounts Grandma insisting on wearing a particular pair of pants that Ken and Ron thought were hideous. They warned her to quit wearing them or else! One day at coffee time they had had enough! They grabbed a pair of scissors, held her down and cut up the pants as she protested loudly! She loved to have a good laugh, even if it was at her own expense.
Family was of the utmost importance to Grandma and she was equally proud of all of us. Although we could argue that the boys were favorited a little! She found it thrilling to hear all about our lives and she was eager to partake in whatever we were doing. On occasion she did get a little too involved though and she did not consider the embarrassment that might occur for her grandchildren when she repeatedly threatened to dance on the tables at a Charlie Major concert or she offered to race one of my peers in high school who was passing her on the highway.
Her life was very full and without compromise. There were many ways that Grandma showed she cared for her family. But what stands out for most is her cooking. Although Grandma could hardly boil potatoes properly when she was first married, she quickly perfected many traditional German dishes like snipples, kethla, kucha and strudels. She lovingly hand-made all of our favorite dishes and was not discouraged when a couple of days of toil was devoured in 30 minutes. Justin probably benefitted the most as he lived with Grandma and Grandpa for many years. She even laid claim to many of his rodeo wins as she figured the snipples gave him the extra edge.
There was the odd time that the spoiled baby even took an ice-cream pail full of snipples on the rodeo trail if he really needed a win! Living in the same yard as our grandparents afforded us many luxuries. We were never lonely or bored as Grandma was always willing to play a game of cards or to come out and sit in a chair and visit while we were working in the flowerbeds.
Anyone that knows Scott, knows that he likes to have company wherever he goes. She would get to bump around in the truck with him checking cows or drive the truck and trailer back and forth between home and the pasture. As much as she protested she loved every minute! Not one to sit by idly, Grandma engaged in many hobbies over the years. Her little wooden corrals were a delight to many farm kids. Luke figures they are the best of any he owns! Grandma was also an avid sewer and quilter. Over the years we all received items she had hand-crafted.
While most were appreciated, Jessica was not overly thrilled with the matching outfits that Grandma crafted for her and Jodie, especially when her mother eagerly dressed them alike in public! Technology was another hobby Grandma embraced. She was the first one in our family to get a computer and the internet.
She also had a smart phone years before her sons. Staying on top of the latest trends was always a priority! Grandma may have had many buffaloed, but if you truly knew her you understood her mischievous nature! From time to time she was known to give a granddaughter a package with racy underwear in it at the kitchen table in front of everyone. She definitely marched to her own drum. She secretly delighted in little things her grandkids and great-grandkids did that was on the naughty side. When Georgia and Gavin showed up at her house before breakfast, apparently starving, she filled them with chocolates and candy eagerly.
Even though Grandma was in favor of misbehaving, you best be sure not to go too far. She had gone out with a friend after work and had forgot to call Grandma to inform her of her plans. Robyn turned up unharmed not too long after and she has never lived it down. While Grandma appreciated your playful nature Robyn, hopefully in the future she will help guide you home safely just like the copious amount of solar lights in her front yard!
Grandma loved to have people gathered around her. Coffee time at her place was a long standing tradition that continued back for as long as I can remember. There is something so magical about the way her generation was able to put work and busy schedules aside to connect with family and neighbors regularly in a meaningful way. It created strong lasting bonds and a great sense of community. Our generation has benefited from this tradition as we have learned about our history and that family is the true measure of success.
However, a story does not necessarily end with your last breath. Some she has witnessed in person, others she will be there for in spirit. Your story continues with those you leave behind. Her legacy is carried on through her children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren and future descendants. I think I can speak for all of us when I say that I am proud to have descended from such a feisty, strong-willed, smart, caring and loving woman.
She was delivered by her midwife grandmother Mrs. Iver Holmen as were many other children in the area. She was the second child and first daughter of Ingvald and Signe Holmen. Mildred had an older brother Sven and a younger sister Inez. She helped on the farm with chores, haying, stooking and housework. In November of she started working at the Consort Enterprise for Mr. While she was working in Consort, she met her future husband Richard Dick Anderson. They were married June 23, She loved her role of grandmother. Mildred had a big garden and fruit and berry trees.
Even before electricity came she canned vegetables, fruit, chickens and other meats. She took pride in her cooking and baking and made sure no one went away hungry. She baked her own bread and buns and delicious pies. A favourite of the grandchildren were her dill pickles. Mildred worked like an extra hand on the farm driving truck for combining, haying, milking cows, churning butter, raising chickens and selling eggs and cream. Mildred belonged to the Knox United church and was a faithful attending member for most of her life. She baked many a pie or pan of squares for the UCW.
She was president of the Consort branch of the Red Cross for twenty years. Although it was difficult leaving her fruit trees and big garden, Mildred moved into the Consort Lodge in and quite enjoyed visiting with the many residents that she knew there. Mildred was predeceased by her parents Ingvald and Signe Holmen, her husband Richard, son Donald, her brother Sven Holmen, sister Inez Syd Thompson and several brothers and sisters-in-law. Words of Remembrance by daughter Debbie Harvie. Mom was born at home on the farm outside Sedalia.
In their house at the top of the stairs was a mounted eagle. I guess it was scary enough that children never wanted to venture upstairs. Before going to school mom could only speak Norwegian and some Swedish. Before she learned English, she and her sister, would speak gibberish to each other pretending they were speaking English. I would think those first years of English immersion school would have been quite a challenge to get up to speed. She did teach us some words and phrases in Norwegian but we kids never retained much of it.
Except for how to say thank you, and Uff da, when something went wrong. Mom used to reminisce about riding horses to the one room school, taking lunches in lard pails, memorizing poetry, and yearly Christmas pageants. I once asked mom if she had a chance to continue her education after school what she would have done. Her answer was a social worker. She had a lot of compassion and empathy for others. Some of her relatives in the US were part of the underground railway that helped escaping slaves get to safety. When people did help her she was grateful.
After high school and a brief stint working in Sedalia, Mom worked at the Consort Enterprise as assistant editor. That was quite a happy time for her and she spoke of them fondly. When dad came back from the airforce after WWII they had a chance encounter near the post office. She had left her car while running into the post office and it started rolling down the hill. He ran to catch it just as she was coming back and she caught it.
That was his first encounter with the flaming redhead. They later officially met at a dance. She did not have the stereotypical temperment for a redhead. There was no yelling or tempers. If we were out of hearing distance she would honk the car horn and we knew it was time to come in. I know they hauled water quite far from a well outside the yard. Anyway, they were married on June 23, There was some worry the day of the wedding.
They found him stuck in the mud on the dirt road a ways away. They had to haul him out before the wedding could begin. Mom liked to write letters and corresponded with a lot of relatives of her parents in the USA and also with her sister Inez, who lived most of her married life in B. Mom always needed a calendar with big spaces on it so she could record the activities of the day, later she wrote in a diary and eventually transcribed the old calendars events into scribblers. We tried to get her on a computer with no success.
In the early years before my brothers Don and Dave were old enough to help, mom would help with the haying. On a particular day she went off track and missed a bunch of hay. Dad asked her why she missed it. One day she canned quarts of Saskatoon berries. She We picked buckets of raspberries, one time 14 ice cream pails full of them. She was much more enthusiastic than the rest of us on those hot summer days.
I remember fondly the Saskatoon berry picking adventures we had. Up and down hills and through fields and pastures to find those juicy berries. Picnics were a favourite during combining season, too. We liked the raspberries on a freshly baked short cake and the taste of rhubarb, peach, saskatoon and pumpkin pies.
She liked it when visitors dropped in for coffee. She tried to make her grandkids their favourite foods when they visited. That applied for all of us. Cookie tins loaded with cookie favourites of at least two varieties available at all times for emergency sustenance. Other food favourites remembered are Lefse and wife saver breakfast for Christmas mornings.
Mom took great pride in making everything from scratch, such as pies, cakes, bread and buns. I remember her winning a grocery hamper at a bingo. To her horror there were two cake mixes included. Well, what was she supposed to do with those? Eventually she did use them. I think after that she gave herself permission to use a mix for the angel food cakes that accompanied every birthday celebration. Nothing went to waste so every apple, berry or bean had to be picked and stored. Darn those socks, mend that rip, make something to wear or use out of all those flour sacks and hand me downs.
No electronic devices for idle hands when there are knitting needles, crochet hooks and embroidery thread around. She used to talk about the tricks they used to play on their hired man when she was a kid. Her trickster nature continued on especially on April fools day where she had to make sure she caught us all before we were awake enough to remember what day it was!
She made many lifelong friends through those groups. She also attended meetings of the Women of the Social Credit. I remember vividly one meeting she had at our house. Just before the ladies were to arrive I played in the dirt in the garden with my nice clean dress. For fun mom used to square dance with the highway 12 guys and gals, and she loved playing games. A lot of evenings were spent playing cards with family and neighbours. A favourite for her and dad was tile rummy Chips , which they played after supper just about every evening.
She played the piano by ear, only having about three lessons. A gift not inherited by the rest of us. One summer she decided she would learn to swim. Dad was going to teach her.
go to link Well she promptly climbed on top of dads head, completely submerging him. Fortunately he new the direction of the shore and walked until his head was out of the water too. There were some favourite sayings that the family remembers mom using. Mom was appreciative of anyone who helped her, but often felt bad that someone had to help her. I remember Mildred Anderson, my mother, as a soft spoken, caring, funny, respectful, compassionate person who was a devoted wife and mother who adored her grandchildren.
James Glenn Haugen formerly of Youngstown Alberta passed away peacefully on Thursday, July 6, at the age of 93 years. In they moved to Youngstown where he worked for Special Areas, as a foreman on the bridge crew. Here they raised their family of four children. Glenn is survived by his three sons and one daughter, Rolland of Castor, Gayle of Castor, Lloyd of Alberta, Gilbert Evelyn of Hanna, four granddaughters, Jolene, Lynn, Sherry and Lucy, several great grandchildren and one great great grandson.
Glenn was predeceased by his loving wife Pearl, his parents Gustav and Gunda Haugen, his brother Melvin, Alf, Chris and Arnold, his sisters Thelma and Edith and several younger siblings as well as his nephew Morgan who passed away July 3, in Alvin, Texas at the age of She was the youngest of six siblings and grew up in the New Brigden area. Charlene started her schooling in New Brigden, then travelled to Oyen for the remainder or her education.
She attended U of C for two years, studying political science. They were married July 22, and built their new home on the Patton farm. They began their family in April with their first son, Clay. Charlene passed away on July 9, at the age of We lost a wife, mom, daughter, sister, aunt and true friend. Officiating was Clergy Rev. Father Daniel Yafinski. Tribute was given by Kimberly Hertz. W, Kindersley, SK.
S0L 1S2, or to a charity of the donors choice. She was the 6th child born to Dan and Bonita Hertz. Having 5 older siblings, Charlene grew up with her feet hardly touching the ground, she was carried everywhere. There was a reason she was called the wonder child or the marvelous one. If you knew Charlene as a child you would know she never went anywhere without her beloved Winnie the Pooh, her favorite stuffed animal.
She had several scares of losing Winnie; one was when Sheldon decided to string it from the chandelier, and another while at a family wedding when another child tried to take Winnie home with them. Charlene had a search warrant out to get Winnie back and finally someone spotted winnie from the motorhome window, crisis averted. The family had many adventures together, but with Charlene being the youngest she missed a couple family trips. Charlene was the baby of her family, always the youngest and getting bossed around by older siblings. At only 9 years old she had two nieces born 3 months apart, Nichole and Melissa.
Charlene took being an Aunt very serious. She loved to finally be the boss of someone else. Melissa and Nichole idolized Aunty Charlene from the moment they were born. They followed her everywhere and wanted to do everything she did, and most of the time Charlene let them. She was always open to spending time with the kids, inviting us over for sleepovers, playing dress up and having our own photoshoots, teaching us the latest song on the radio and having a sing along.
She was the first to grab the baby and always had a niece or nephew on her lap. She was the master of arm tickling which has become a staple in any Hertz house. Charlene grew up dancing, curling, and playing baseball. Charlene was confident and determined in everything she did, no one was going to stand in her way. The purpose of our study was to develop a surgical protocol of a total face allotransplantation including temporomandibular joint. Methods: A total of skulls and mandibles and facial computed tomographic scans were evaluated to characterize the variability of temporomandibular joint dimensions.
Eight fresh cadavers were injected with red-colored latex and dissected for visualization of the vascular branches entering the temporomandibular joint. Four fresh cadavers were used to perform a temporomandibular joint which included full-face transplantation. Donor allografts were harvested using a Le Fort III approach combined with a bilateral sagittal split osteotomy and temporal craniotomy to include the total temporomandibular joint.
Temporomandibular joints were secured on the zygomatic processes of temporal bones. Results: Statistically significant difference between genders was observed in all parameters measured on dry skulls except for intercondylar and condyle-symphysis angles. There was a statistically significant difference of frontal ramal inclination between genders in computed tomographic measurements. The temporomandibular joint received 1—3 direct branches maximal diameter: 0. Transplanted temporomandibular joints were located more lateral, inferior, and anterior compared to their normal anatomical position.
Class 1 original donor occlusion was achieved with a normal mandibular range of motion. Conclusion: To our knowledge, this was the first study demonstrating the technical feasibility of cadaveric temporomandibular joint which included full-face allograft procurement and transplantation. Background: Oncologic complications occurred in three of nine evaluable hand recipients. Cancer risk is increased by systemic immunosuppression.
In addition, the patients are in an age group and have lifestyles associated with increased malignancies. Methods: Annual screening for malignancy is based on National Cancer Institute criteria. The series includes eight males and one female. The B-cell clone is still present, but reduced in number. At year 10, this same patient had a squamous cell carcinoma removed from his back. At his year examination, a positron emission tomography scan performed to monitor his marginal zone lymphoma found an axillary lymph node positive for squamous cell carcinoma.
The patient received radiation treatment and is currently negative. This patient spends his winters in Arizona camping. Patient 2 53 years, male had a squamous cell carcinoma on his right shoulder at year This was removed with clear margins. A shave biopsy indicated lentigo, not squamous cell carcinoma. This patient works outside installing gutters. Finally, patient 8 60 years, male had a prostate-specific antigen of 22 at his year-5 visit. A repeat prostate-specific antigen bone scan, magnetic resonance imaging, and needle biopsy of both the testis and the iliac crest were performed.
The prostate biopsy was positive and the patient was treated with Casodex, Lupron, and 44 radiation treatments. At his year-6 visit, his prostate-specific antigen was 0. Recently, a suspicious mole on his ear was removed which showed no evidence of malignancy. This patient is a commercial farmer. All three patients were maintained on immunosuppression while they were being treated for their malignancy. Conclusion: Patients on long-term immunosuppression are at a higher risk for malignancies. However, the age and environmental exposure of these three individuals likely add to their risk.
Nevertheless, this data can be used to council future vascularized composite allotransplant hand candidates as they decide whether the risk of immunosuppression is acceptable or not. Background: A year male with a right forearm amputation from an industrial accident received a unilateral transplant in Methods: The patient recieved a Campath 1H steroid sparing regimen. The first 6 years were notable for minimal rejection. He had a Carroll score of 69 by year 2, with incomplete pronation and thumb abduction.
Results: Metabolic issues resulted in increase in HgbA1c and creatinine of 1. Creatinine decreased, but rejection resulted in conversion back to tacrolimus at year 8. Subsequently, the patient underwent rotator cuff surgery and shortly after reported shooting pain in transplanted hand with swelling and rash, which responded to prednisone. Night pain, numbness, and sensitivity complaints continued. An electromyography or nerve conduction study confirmed severe nerve compression at wrist level. An enclosed abscess of Staphylococcus aureus in the native tissue was excised.
Arterial vessels showed thickening consistent with chronic rejection. At 2 weeks, the incision dehisced. A debridement and repeat closure was done with no healing. Later, two fingers became purple, and the patient was offered the option of amputation of the two fingers and a flap coverage. He requested removal of the hand, which was performed 8. Histology showed marked arterial intimal hyperplasia.
The medial and ulnar nerve showed chronic active and necrotizing acute inflammation and fibrosis. Conclusion: The cause of graft loss was multifactorial. Inadequate immunosuppression due to metabolic changes, decreased kidney function, and multiple surgeries contributed. Increased use or trauma following rotator cuff surgery along with wound dehiscence and infection and rejection likely contributed to the vasculopathy.
This case was notable for nerve pain associated with infiltration or inflammation of the nerves. Background: Ischemia time remains a significant limiting factor for successful extremity replantation and transplantation. Compared to the cold storage, normothermic ex-situ perfusion is a novel method of limb preservation by maintaining physiologic cellular metabolism avoiding the deleterious effects of hypoxia and cooling.
The purpose of our study was to establish the efficacy of normothermic ex-situ perfusion in preserving viability and function of human upper extremities. Methods: A total of 10 upper extremities were procured from brain-dead organ donors. Electrolytes were kept within physiologic range by partial perfusate exchanges.
Limb viability was assessed by muscle contractility, compartment pressure, tissue oxygen saturation, creatine kinase and myoglobin concentrations, indocyanine green angiography, and thermography. Thermography and indocyanine green angiography depicted uniform peripheral perfusion throughout the experiment.
Electrical stimulation of median, ulnar, and radial nerves displayed no muscle contraction at the beginning; however, it recovered gradually and preserved until the end of perfusion. Conclusion: Ex-situ normothermic limb perfusion shows potential in overcoming the present standard of care cold preservation improving ischemia time for large segments and envisioning a radical change in the management of traumatic amputations and upper extremity transplantation. Background: Tongue reconstruction is a true challenge due to its very specific and complex functions, motor and sensory.
Despite the most advanced autologous surgical techniques, functional outcomes remain poor. To overcome the current limitations, vascularized composite tissue engineering is thus a promising solution. Methods: Seven porcine tongues were harvested with their vascular lingual arteries and nervous pedicles. Perfusion decellularization was achieved with a detergent-based protocol.
Cell removal was established by conventional stainings and DNA quantification. Vascular bed preservation and access was assessed by angioscopy and Indian ink gel injection. To study cell compatibility, tongue extracellular matrix biopsies were cultured with C2C12 muscle progenitor cells. Cell clearance was confirmed by absence of nuclei on hemotoxylin and eosin sections, and a significant DNA content reduction.
Laminin, an important factor for muscle regeneration, was highly preserved. The vascular bed was patent, for both large and small vessels. Seeded cells were viable and implanted scaffolds demonstrated a satisfying integration in the recipient muscle, at macro- and microscopic levels.
Conclusion: We could produce complete porcine tongue graft extracellular matrix, with a patent and accessible vascular tree, which was cyto- and bio-compatible. These results enable future research in whole-tongue vascularized composite tissue engineering. Background: In hand surgery, conventional autologous techniques are limited for the reconstruction of lost digits, with a high impact on hand function. Finger subunit allotransplantation has been described, but is restricted by limited applications due to immunosuppressive treatment.
From previous report in acellular porcine ear graft matrix production, we applied the perfusion-decellularization technique to human finger subunit grafts obtained from cadaveric source, then extended to whole hands. Methods: Nine long-digit grafts were procured postmortem, along with their collateral ulnar and radial pedicles, from four fresh human donors at the Department of Anatomy.
Cellular clearance was assessed by DNA quantification and hematoxylin and eosin staining. Finally, a scaffold was re-anastomosed in a porcine recipient, for a short reperfusion study. Finally, decellularization was applied to three whole human hands, and vascular tree assessed by angio-computed tomographic scan. Results: Digital grafts were successfully decellularized, with quick epidermolysis, nail loss, and complete bleaching. Cell clearance was demonstrated by absence of nuclei on hematoxylin and eosin sections, and an overall The extension to a whole-hand graft decellularization was achieved successfully, with an excellent preservation of the superficial and deep vascular tree.
Conclusion: Following our subunit approach strategy, we could produce finger and hand extracellular matrix scaffolds from human cadaveric source, with a preserved and perfusable vascular tree. These results could represent a true alternative to upper extremity allotransplantation. Background: Ischemia and reperfusion injury remains one of the major limiting factors for the success of both replantation and vascularized composite allotransplantation. This study aims to develop an ex-situ normothermic limb perfusion protocol to preserve the viability and function of amputated limbs for over 24 h.
The first 13 limbs were used to optimize the perfusion protocol. Electrolytes were balanced by partial perfusate exchanges. Limb viability was compared in the two groups by muscle contractility, compartment pressure, tissue oxygen saturation, indocyanine green angiography, and thermography. Results: Perfused limbs were able to retain physiological parameters and function for 12 h in Group A and up to 44 24—44 h in Group B.
Limbs in Group A had lower final weight increase 0. In Group B, thermography and tissue oxygen saturation were significantly higher than in Group A respectively, Contractility and indocyanine green angiography were comparable in the two groups. Conclusion: The normothermic perfusion protocol has the potential to significantly impact outcomes in limb replantation and transplantation. Our results suggest that limbs in the h perfusion group retained better physiologic parameters at the end-point.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of these three strategies from the Canadian Health System perspective. Methods: A state transition cohort decision analytic model was used to evaluate the treatment options for improving functional status in bilateral upper limb amputees. The model reflected three treatment strategies: 1 bilateral body-powered prosthetics, 2 bilateral myoelectric prosthetics, and 3 bilateral composite tissue allotransplantation.
Both quality-adjusted life years and costs were modeled over a lifetime time horizon. Utilities, probabilities, and costs were identified through a targeted literature search, local case costing, or expert opinion. Model validity was tested, base case incremental cost-effectiveness ratios were calculated, and one- and two-way and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were conducted.
Results: Over a year time horizon, the preferred strategy was body-powered prosthetics, which resulted in Relative to body-powered prosthetics, myoelectric prosthetics and composite tissue allotransplantation had incremental cost-effectiveness ratios above the standard willingness-to-pay threshold CAD50, per quality-adjusted life years at CAD75, and CAD, per quality-adjusted life years, respectively.
Composite tissue allotransplantation was neither favored nor cost-effective in one-way sensitivity analysis. The model was sensitive to the costs and utilities of myoelectric prosthetics and body-powered prosthetics on both one- and two-way analyses. PSA demonstrated that body-powered prosthetics and myoelectric prosthetics met the willingness-to-pay threshold CAD50, per quality-adjusted life years of Myoelectric prosthetics can also be cost-effective with improved effectiveness, which is expected as the technology advances in the future.
The current risks and associated cost of immunosuppression for composite tissue allotransplantation do not result in a cost-effective strategy. This is a dynamic model that will change with reduced risk of immunosuppression, improved technologies, and reduced cost of myoelectric prosthetics. To minimize the systemic exposure to Tofa and maximize its immune-modulatory effect, we explored two innovative drug delivery methods based on a peptide-based hydrogel Tofa-Hydro and solid lipid nanoparticles Tofa-SLN.
Methods and results: Tofa-Hydro is a safe injectable hydrogel. Importantly, application of Tofa-Hydro to a distal site ablated this synergistic improvement of survival, demonstrating the importance of the site of delivery. Tofa-SLN showed the unique property of accumulating in the lymphatics, reaching draining lymphoid tissues, and being taken up by immune cells. Tofa-SLN-conditioned dendritic cells were profoundly inhibited in their maturative response to lipopolysaccharide.
Conclusion: Our results highlight two promising strategies for controlled and localized immune modulation. Injectable hydrogels allow a sustained localized delivery that requires a fraction of the dose of Tofa required when delivered systemic. Tofa-SLN can be passively directed to lymphoid tissues and effectively target and modulate antigen presenting cells. Overall, these strategies can maximize the immunomodulatory impact of Tofa while minimizing its toxic side-effects.
Background: Face transplant can enable immense functional, psychosocial, and quality-of-life improvement for patients who had exhausted all other reconstructive options. However, a continued risk of face transplant is that of immune rejection. Sentinel flaps are utilized for remote-site rejection monitoring in facial vascularized composite tissue allotransplantation, thus minimizing biopsies of the facial graft.
We present the first utilization of the posterior tibial artery flap as a sentinel flap in face transplant. Methods: The posterior tibial artery sentinel flap was procured and inset concurrently with the facial vascularized composite allotransplantation procedure. The recipient was a year-old male with a history of a gunshot wound on the face. The donor was a year-old man who was declared brain dead.
The posterior tibial artery flap was procured based on the posterior tibial artery and vein. Results: The utilization of this flap enabled concurrent harvesting of the flap alongside the solid organ transplant teams, leading to more streamlined coordination. Postoperatively, the flap healed well. Drain output remained high for 4 weeks and then quickly tapered off.
High output was likely due to extensive dissection around the femoral vessels to expose the lateral femoral circumflex.
The flap is doing well without any issues at month follow-up. Conclusion: This flap is an ideal donor sentinel flap due to its location far from the face transplant and solid organ procurement teams, its reliable vascular pedicle, and its ease of harvest. We demonstrate the first utilization of this flap in transplant surgery and believe that the use of this flap could maximize the ability for solid organ transplant teams to simultaneously perform solid organ harvesting while the sentinel flap is being raised, thus enabling a more streamlined process and better coordination in composite tissue allotransplantation.
Background: Pediatric hand transplantation is a recent addition to the field of vascularized composite allotransplantation. We hypothesized that bilateral hand transplantation in children will lead to excellent functional outcomes based on the accelerated nerve regeneration and cortical reorganization in children. The patient had undergone amputation of all four distal extremities at the age of 2 years after staphylococcal sepsis. He underwent a rigorous but carefully adapted hand therapy regimen tailored toward his interests and attention span.
His functional progress has been tracked with the box and block, nine-hole peg, and Semmes-Weinstein monofilament tests, among others. Cortical reorganization has been followed with diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging and magnetoencephalography. He has remarkably improved in his ability to provide self-care and to experience play in a manner similar to his peers. Results of the box and block and nine-hole peg tests have shown steady improvement compared to baseline Figures 1 and 2.
He has obvious functioning of the intrinsic muscles of the hands and has no evidence of clawing. His growth plates have all remained open and his ossification centers have expanded since transplant. Non-invasive brain imaging has demonstrated a reversal of the massive cortical reorganization associated with amputation back to similar patterns to the pre-amputation state. Background: Three-dimensional computed tomographic imaging, computer modeling, and virtual surgical planning offer practical tools for advanced head and neck reconstruction and composite facial allotransplantation.
Virtual surgical planning has demonstrated benefits in surgical accuracy and in reducing operative time in craniofacial reconstruction. However, the effectiveness of three-dimensional surgical guides and accuracy of surgical planning in face transplant has not previously been investigated. Furthermore, we perform novel investigation of the correlation between surgical planning and esthetic outcome through cephalometric analysis.
We present the use of virtual surgical planning and three-dimensional computational modeling in cadaveric face transplantation. Methods: A total of 17 pairs of recipient and donor fresh cadaveric head specimens underwent a computed tomographic scan and virtual surgical planning of a Le Fort III—based facial segment including the distal mandibular segment. The face transplant team collaborated with a team of biomedical engineers to create patient-specific three-dimensional printed models, cutting guides, and positioning guides according to the virtual surgical plan.
These guides were then utilized to perform the cadaveric face transplantation. The postoperative reconstructed recipient underwent a second computed tomographic scan. Scans were three-dimensional reconstructed to determine osteotomy and positional accuracy, volumetric measurements for both donor and recipient, and reconstruction. These measurements were then analyzed to determine surgical plan accuracy. Results: Overall, 17 cadaveric facial transplantation simulations were completed.
Postoperative reconstruction analysis demonstrated that the three-dimensional surgical guides enabled execution of the surgical plan to an extremely high degree of accuracy. There was no significant difference in volumetric measurements of the predicted and actual results of the skull base, mid-face, and distal mandible.
Conclusion: Virtual surgical planning and computer-aided design and manufacturing have had a major impact on craniofacial and head and neck reconstruction. This study demonstrates that virtual surgical planning can improve both planning and accuracy outcomes in composite facial allotransplantation as well as increase efficiency and precision of complex bone osteotomies and reconstruction. Background: Face transplant can offer functional and esthetic restoration to patients who have exhausted the armamentarium of reconstructive options, thus improving quality of life and psychosocial integration.
Ethical issues in face transplant still abound, including practical questions of patient selection. Questions were asked regarding the risk—benefit ratio of immunosuppression, permissibility of face transplant for more recipient subpopulations including children and blind patients , donor—recipient age, gender, and ethnicity mismatches, and ethics committee make-up. The majority of respondents agreed that it is permissible to perform a face transplant on a child or blind recipient.
An issue of continued concern was risk of immunosuppression, with a steep decrease in acceptability responses when the risk of immune rejection was increased. A year age difference between donor and recipient was the most commonly accepted. Free text additional responses stressed the necessity of clear communication, questions of ethics of consent, and concerns about transplants in vulnerable subpopulations.
Questions regarding the ideal composition of a face transplant ethics committee demonstrated consistent consensus on the roles that should ideally be represented. This may be due to the early success of face transplants and the shifting ethical issues in the field to practical aspects of the procedure. This research also provides guidance to programs regarding questions of donor and recipient selection, ethics committee composition, and offers insight into strengthening the ethical framework of the field.
Background: Facial disfigurement is profoundly disabling, and great relief follows resolution by facial transplantation, now a technical reality at multiple centers worldwide. However, distance between potential donor and recipient is a significant obstacle in allograft availability, and cold-ischemia time constraints prevent in-depth cross-matching and pretreatment. Hypothermic perfusion has shown immediate functional benefit in transplanted kidneys, and oxygenation and brief subnormothermia have shown benefits in perfusion homogeneity in experimental hearts. Moisture-managing, ergonomic support surfaces are beneficial for skin tissue integrity.
We have combined these elements anticipating an additive effect with the goal of improved face function and tissue viability at h preservation duration. Methods: We have designed new functional modules onto an existing perfusion system including a radiant in-line perfusate sterilizer, heater for subnormothermia, and a perfusion bioreactor configured for faces. A swine hemi-facial flap was designed on a carotid pedicle. The flap was surgically mobilized, flushed, and placed into the pre-cooled perfusion machine with optimized perfusate.
After h preservation, the weight and chemical effect on the hemiface is determined. Results: Successful swine hemifacial grafts were harvested containing muscle, bone, oral mucosa, and skin on a carotid pedicle. Adequate flap perfusion was confirmed with dye studies. Preliminary results offer insight into the ability of the perfusion device to maintain uniformity and consistency of thermal modulation and pressure with minimal edema.
These results will optimize the perfusate for tissue support without significant mechanical damage to the tissue. Conclusion: This study aims to show feasibility in achieving uniform perfusion, acceptably minor edema, and a viable, functional face graft suitable for transplantation following h preservation.
This highly-translatable approach addresses key hurdles to prolonged vascularized composite allotransplantation perfusion preservation. These technical elements for face preservation could be rapidly applied in potential face transplant recipients by implementing key modifications to existing clinical kidney perfusion systems. Background: Vascularized composite allotransplantation is a clinically feasible therapeutic option for complex tissue defects. An improved understanding of acute skin rejection in vascularized composite allotransplantation could elucidate possible mechanisms and reveal novel therapeutic targets.
Methods: We performed orthotopic hind limb transplantats between fully mismatched mouse strain combinations. Mice were assessed daily for rejection. Tissue biopsies, histology, tissue digestion and T-cell tissue extraction for flow analysis were performed on postoperative day 8. Results: All untreated mice underwent acute cellular rejection. Treated animals showed no visual rejection signs at the time of tissue harvest. All untreated mice underwent acute cellular rejection with erythema and epidermolysis of the skin that progressed to necrosis C-L.
However, groups showed variance in the duration of each rejection stage B. Tacrolimus lead to a discrepancy between local and systemic T-cell phenotypes. This differential effect of immunosuppression offers a possible explanation for the high frequency of acute cellular rejection and should be explored further. Background: Cell-based therapies represent a promising approach for tolerance induction in transplantation. We propose a new cell therapy of the ex vivo created human hematopoietic chimeric cells as an alternative approach to bone marrow—based therapies in support of solid organ and vascularized composite allograft transplantation.
This study aimed to characterize in vitro the phenotype, genotype, clonogenic and tolerogenic potential of human hematopoietic chimeric cells, and assess in vivo cytotoxicity and safety of human hematopoietic chimeric cells in a nude rat model. Methods: A total of 30 ex vivo fusions were performed to create human hematopoietic chimeric cells. The percentage of polyploid cells was low 0. Conclusion: We successfully characterized in vitro the viability, phenotype, genotype, DNA stability, and clonogenic and tolerogenic properties of human hematopoietic chimeric cells.
In vivo experiments confirmed migratory properties, long-term survival and safety of human hematopoietic chimeric cells. Application of human hematopoietic chimeric cells as a supportive therapy represents a new approach for tolerance induction in vascularized composite allograft transplantation.
Background: Vascularized composite allotransplantation is a clinical reality with over 80 hand and 20 facial transplants to date globally. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether belatacept and rapamycin with or without short-term 3 tacrolimus, a calcineurin inhibitor, could prolong allograft survival in a novel major histocompatibility complex—mismatched swine vascularized composite allotransplantation model that did not contain donor bone tissue. Methods: A total of seven transplants were performed in MGH mini-swine across a full major histocompatibility complex mismatch and were assigned into control and experimental groups.
Control animals were treated with rapamycin and belatacept immediately after the surgery. In the experimental groups, tacrolimus was administered from postoperative days 0—13, followed by rapamycin and belatacept, which were started on day 0 or 7. Allograft survival was compared among the groups by clinical assessment and histological analysis. Results: Six allografts survived immediately after transplantations and one technical failure was noted due to arterial insufficiency.
Vascular characteristics and ischemic time were similar to an established hind-limb transplantation model. In the experimental groups tacrolimus , allografts reached grade-I rejection on day 33 and were fully rejected by day Conclusion: Short-term tacrolimus and delayed belatacept or rapamycin therapy offer promise to delay early acute rejection and prolong allograft survival in vascularized composite allotransplantation.
The vertical rectus abdominis musculocutaneous surgical model can be used in various preclinical trials for evaluating strategy to promote donor-specific tolerance without the influence of donor bone marrow components. Background: One of the technical challenges of upper extremity transplantation is achieving adequate cortical contact of the radius and ulna to provide a good healing osseous surface without disrupting the distal radio ulnar joint.
Recently, three-dimensional modeling and virtual surgical planning have been utilized for enhanced preoperative planning and surgical execution for complex bony reconstructive surgery. Methods: Virtual surgical planning and three-dimensional-printed custom cut-guides were first utilized in nine hand transplant cadaver rehearsals followed by two clinical cases of bilateral hand transplantation. We rehearsed transplantation at the specific level of amputation of our patients on the waiting list.
Predrilling of screw holes was performed through the cut-guides followed by osteotomies. Once this was complete, the donor limbs were plated and the transplant osteosynthesis was performed. Preoperative virtual surgical planning for distal forearm transplant in a patient with a partial hand. Intraoperative photo of a hand transplant recipient with custom 3D-printed cut-guides in place. Results: Although there was a small learning curve with utilizing the custom cut-guides for hand transplant osteosynthesis, after two rehearsals, surgeon comfort level and time for osteosynthesis surpassed traditional free-hand osteosynthesis.
Furthermore, the accuracy of osteosynthesis, the bone-to-bone contact, and revision rate all improved. The virtual surgical planning proved efficient for both proximal and distal forearm-level transplants. Conclusion: The use of virtual surgical planning with custom three-dimensional cut-guides offers a novel technique for upper extremity transplantation osteosynthesis. The precision of osteotomies with three-dimensional-printed cut-guides offers a time efficient, accurate, and reliable alternative to free-hand osteosynthesis in hand transplantation. Background: Static cold storage is currently the standard of care for the preservation of vascularized composite tissue allografts.
This approach not only limits the time available to perform the procedure but also has detrimental effects on the muscle microcirculation, resulting in extensive damage particularly during the reperfusion phase. Continuous machine perfusion may have the potential to change the current practice. However, ideal perfusion parameters including the perfusate and the temperature are currently unknown. In this study, we aimed to test competing perfusion modalities on a cost-effective vascularized composite allotransplantation model established to study neuromuscular regeneration.
The Ferry Farm is said to be one of the most haunted locations in Virginia. In the late 18th century, two bridges were built in Edinburgh to help the city to expand over the hills that were part of the area, the North Bridge and the South Bridge. These chambers are known today as the Edinburgh Vaults.
Because of some of the illegal activity and the living conditions in the vaults, they are reputedly the most haunted site in Scotland. Join me as we explore the history and hauntings of the Edinburgh Vaults! The Iron Island Museum is said to be the perfect spooky spot for anyone in western New York to enjoy a little Halloween fun.
For those of us who celebrate Halloween year round, this museum is the perfect spot for a ghostly encounter. The tales of experiences are numerous and this location has been featured in multiple paranormal television shows. The museum showcases the charming and proud history of the Lovejoy neighborhood in Buffalo. The memorabilia is a sight to see and the place is crammed so full, it takes several hours to enjoy it all. And perhaps this is why the place is so haunted, all that memorabilia. Or could it be the former use for the building causing the hauntings?
Join me as I explore the history and hauntings of the Iron Island Museum. The History Goes Bump Podcast celebrates its four year anniversary today! We've explored a couple hundred haunted locations, looked at the lives and afterlives of several famous people, marveled at legends, shared road trips and hosted specials. And there is so much more to come! On this anniversary special, we share the two runner-ups and three winners in our flash fiction contest, thank a bunch of people and Diane talks about the big change that came to HGB this year as she took the show solo!
Thank you to all the listeners and if you want to help us celebrate, please share the podcast! The two story Second Empire-style mansion has over 8, square feet of living space and is furnished with antique and reproduction furniture. The home was built over years ago and has had multiple owners and served a variety of purposes. Today, it not only welcomes guests, but reputedly is quite haunted. Join me as I explore the history and hauntings of the Schenck Mansion! This location was suggested by listener Patricia Groce. Flagstaff, Arizona has its roots in the railway and its growth in the timber industry.
The flourishing town became a hotspot for tourism with the Grand Canyon just up the road. This meant hotels were needed and two that remain today are the Hotel Weatherford and the Hotel Monte Vista. They not only have a history, but they also have a reputation for being haunted. Another building with ghost stories is the Flagstaff Public Library.
Susan Johnson of Freaky Flagstaff Foottours joins me to share the history and ghosts stories of these locations as well as the horrific true crime story about the Walkup Family that has some hauntings connected to it as well. Join us as we explore the history and hauntings of Flagstaff, Arizona! Many consider the town of Goldfield in Nevada to be a ghosttown and with a population hovering around , it really does seem to be that way. This was once a boom town though and for several decades millions of dollars in gold was mined here.
During that boom, The Goldfield Hotel was built. This building is one of the few to have survived fire and time. Today, the only guests that stay here are those seeking a connection with the afterlife and based on the experiences reported in the media and those that I have heard personally, the hotel's reputation for being haunted is well deserved. Join me as I explore the history and hauntings of The Goldfield Hotel. Cemeteries are not really a place I would seek to investigate when looking for ghosts. After years of hearing stories of paranormal experiences in graveyards, it would seem that a fraction of the cemeteries located around the world, really may harbor more than just the bones of the dead.
Perhaps some do stay there in spirit. Is it because they are trapped by some kind of energy? Are these spirits just really attached to their bodies? Could they be waiting for a loved one to die and be buried in the plot,so that they can move on together? Whatever the reason, the swirl of leaves blowing across the graveyard grounds may be more than just the wind.
A wandering soul could very well be taking a stroll among the tombstones. Louis Cemetery No. One of the most recognizable buildings in Cincinnati is its music hall. This location dates back to the late s, but the site itself has been home to other uses that include an asylum, an orphanage, a potter's field and there were other nearby cemeteries from which the bodies were not removed.
All of which add their own reasons for paranormal experiences. Top this off with a world class music venue and theater and there is no doubt that this music hall just might really live up to its "most haunted" reputation. Join me and listener and tour guide Angie Wallingford as we share the history and hauntings of Cincinnati's Music Hall!
Belle Grove Plantation is an estate and plantation house dating back into the 18th century that has witnessed over years of history that includes colonization, the Revolutionary and Civil Wars and is famously known as the birthplace of President James Madison. The pursuit of John Wilkes Booth also touched the grounds of this beautiful property.
This is one of the best preserved 18th century homes in America and has been restored to its former beauty and runs today as a bed and breakfast. One claim to fame that is not as well known is just how haunted this property allegedly seems to be and that reputation led it to being featured on Ghost Hunters. There are reputedly dozens of ghosts lurking about the manor. Join me as I explore the history and hauntings of Belle Grove Plantation!
Denmark is a land that has had people living on it since the Last Ice Age. This gives it an ancient history and while it is not considered a powerful nation today, it once ruled much of Europe with an iron fist. This history contains stories of wars, revolutions, political intrigue, religious conflict, Vikings and one of the oldest monarchies. The Danes are believed to have been in Denmark since AD. The Middle Ages were a great time of power for the Danes and they ruled over England and united with Sweden and Norway.
The monarchy of Denmark lasted for centuries and many of these nobles made castles their homes. Voregaard Castle is one of the most well preserved castles dating back to the Renaissance and today is home to a beautiful art collection. The castle also houses a spirit.
Kronburg Castle was made famous by Hamlet and has a few ghosts of its own. Dragsholm Castle has been converted into a luxury hotel with a golf course, but it has more than just a reputation for being a nice place to get away to on a holiday. Dragsholm is reputedly the most haunted castle in Denmark.
Join me as I share the history and hauntings of the castles of Denmark. The quickest way to find out about the history of a city or town for that matter is the Graveyard! You can see the whole history of a town or area on the tomb stones. From what was the main industry of the town to plagues and outbreaks of illness. Life expectancy to infant mortality. They are one of the best historical records of an area. And they are the best place to pay our respects to those who have gone on before us.
In this episode, I feature four cemeteries that have reports of paranormal activity. Join me as we explore these historic graveyards! Williamsburg, Kentucky is said to be the "Gateway to the Cumberlands. It's part of Whitley County with the Cumberland River running through it. Another city in this county is Corbin, which has stories of its own including Satanic activity.
On this episode, Jamie Wolfe shares many legends and ghost stories from the Williamsburg and Cumberland Gap area in Kentucky. Join us as we explore the history and hauntings of the Cumberlands. Fort Mifflin stands on Mud Island as a reminder of a time when the original capital city of our new nation, Philadelphia, was in need of defense. The British commissioned the fort in , but it would be the Americans who would finish the construction. The fort would witness the greatest sea battle of the Revolutionary War.
Hundreds lost their lives here during that war. When the Civil War raged, the fort served as a Confederate prison. This kind of history lends itself to paranormal activity and there are many stories of a variety of ghosts walking among the casements and barracks. Join me and listener Drea Hahn as we share the history and hauntings of Fort Mifflin! Mort needs work! Colonial Williamsburg is part of America's historic triangle. Today, it is a historic area that features a look back into the America of colonial times just as the struggle for independence was sparking.
Visitors can watch artisans ply trades from the past and visit dozens of historic buildings that have been restored to their eighteenth century charm. This is a place where one can walk in the footsteps of our Founding Fathers and experience the reality and uncertainty of the times that earlier Americans lived under, both free and slave. In any city with this much history, there is bound to be talk of a ghost or two.
And there are many here with fascinating stories of pirates, poisonings, suicides and war. Many of the historic buildings have ghost stories attached to them. Join me as I explore the history and hauntings of Colonial Williamsburg. The island of Taiwan is located between the Philippines and Japan, about miles off the coast of China. The small island is inhabited by many people who were escaping from the mainland of China, a country that claims to be sovereign over the island.
Many nations have held control over Taiwan over the years, from the Dutch to the Spanish to the Japanese to the Chinese. This is a land of indigenous groups that each seem to have their own mythical story of origin and there are many haunted locations. Join myself and listener Whitney Zahar, who lived in Taiwan for a time as we share the history, legends and haunts of Taiwan. This beach is ranked the sixth best beach in New Jersey and began attracting the gay community in the s.
In , a gay discotheque called the Paradise Nightclub, opened near the beach and The Empress Hotel, which opened in the s, is New Jersey's only gay-oriented hotel! The music scene in Asbury Park is thriving and a place that has launched the careers of rockers like Bruce Springsteen. There is a paranormal underbelly here though, with a history of tragedies and spirits stuck in place.
Rockefeller for the Benedictine Society of Colorado. The Benedictines called the new religious foundation the Holy Cross Abbey. The main building was constructed in and rises to four stories and was designed by Joseph Dillon and L. This was not only a monastery, but it also was a boarding school for boys. There were bigger plans for the property, but the Depression stopped those plans. This location has been the scene of many suicides and other deaths and it seems that this has led to haunting activity.
I am joined on this episode by Dennis Batchelor of Simply Ghosts, our listener Cheryl Lynn and two other investigators, Cindy and Sean, to share the history and their paranormal experiences at the Holy Cross Abbey. Charleston is one of my favorite cities. There is so much history here and building after building has a story.
This road trip had a group of us touring several parts of the city from cemeteries to restaurants to forts to historic mansions to the Old City Jail. On this episode, I'm going to review the places we saw, tours we took and some of the ghost stories that permeate the very essence of this city. I could easily believe that Charleston is one of the most haunted cities in America. Join me as I return to Charleston and more specifically, return to the Old City Jail, and this time I take you inside with me! The horrifying history of its past certainly lends itself to a negative energy that backs up the claim that this is one of the most haunted locations in Illinois.
Not only were slaves brutalized here, but an operation known as the Reverse Underground Railroad did a good job of thwarting the work of the Underground Railroad. This may surprise some as Illinois was a free state, but that did not stop the actions of evil men. The hauntings that have been experienced at this place are negative and chilling. Join me as I share the history and hauntings of the Old Slave House.
Priesand becoming the first female American Rabbi. Our location was suggested by listener Andrea Ward. Based on its location, Maine has been a prime spot for explorers. There are islands off the coast of Maine and each of these islands has its own unique history. Some of that history is tragic and it is these grievous stories that seem to have led to some haunting experiences.
Outer Heron Island reportedly has buried treasure, a haunted cave and apparitions on the beach. There is Jewell Island with its residual ghost soldiers and stories of buried treasure. Boon Island has its very own haunted lighthouse. Long Island has its phantom ghost ship and crew. And listener Katrina Ray-Saulis joins me to share a mostly unknown history about Malaga Island that highlights the racism that led to some cruel treatment and ultimately some haunting activity.
Join me as we explore the Haunted Islands of Maine! Melbourne is the capital of Victoria and home to close to 4 million people. This city is a center of diversity and for the history of Australia it is a symbol of the independent spirit. Victoria and Melbourne were established as autonomous colonies, working outside of government regulation and permissions. This attracted men with that same spirit. One of them would re-purpose an amphitheater as The Princess Theater. This is a theater with roots running as far back as the founding of Melbourne and with that kind of history, one just knows this theater is ripe for hauntings.
And there does seem to be some ghostly activity going on here. Join me as I share the history and hauntings of Melbourne's Princess Theater! Skagway, Alaska is a popular destination for cruise ships hosting Alaskan cruises and it was one of the settings for Jack London's "Call of the Wild. The Red Onion Saloon not only provided a place for prospectors to get a drink, it also was a high class brothel.
Today, the saloon is a restaurant and bar that serves up more than just food and drinks, it serves up some haunting experiences. The Golden North Hotel dates back to the gold rush as well and plays host to two apparitions. There are buildings for fraternal organizations and government and a couple of houses that also play host to spirits. Join me as I share the history and hauntings of Skagway, Alaska! Tuberculosis was a horrible disease in which people had to watch their loved ones literally waste away before their eyes.
For this reason, it was commonly referred to as Consumption and there were points in history when people actually believed that people suffering from TB were being attacked by vampires. A group of us visited and toured this historical hospital where so many people met their final end at the hands of the dreaded disease. For this reason, the sanatorium is famously known to be very haunted. And for those of us that visited, I think most of us left convinced that some kind of supernatural activity is happening.
Join me as I share the history and hauntings of Waverly Hills Sanatorium! Most cemeteries in the world do not see many tourists or visitors. Usually there is only the occasional family visit to lay some flowers at a grave site. Pere Lachaise Cemetery in Paris is different. Nearly 3. Another cemetery that has a tendency to draw tourists is the Howard Street Cemetery in Salem, which has a connection to the Salem Witch Trials. And then there is the Lonesome Hill Cemetery that is the typical local cemetery with very few visitors and a place I would not know about had it not been suggested to me.
While these three cemeteries are all different in the numbers they draw to visit, they share one distinct similarity. They are all reputedly haunted. Join me for a stroll through the headstones as we search out the hauntings found at these three cemeteries. At the confluence of three rivers, sits the East Sussex town of Rye. This is an ancient medieval town that became an important harbor along the English Channel.
In the town of Rye, one will find the historic Mermaid Inn. The original building no longer stands, but the current building dates back more than years with the original old cellars still in place. There are several secret passages that were used by smugglers. Some of these smugglers were members of the Hawkhurst Gang and they used the Mermaid Inn as their hideout. The inn has seen a long turbulent history.
Today, it is a restaurant, bar and hotel that reputedly has many spirits kicking about in its various rooms. There are stories of cold spots, chairs moving on their own and full-bodied apparitions. Let's explore the history and hauntings of the Mermaid Inn! Old Town Spring is just outside Houston in Texas and started as a railroad boomtown in the mids. It then became a farming community that grew cotton and sugar cane, followed by a saloon town and finally today, it is a quaint shopping district full of historic buildings brought in from other towns. It is also home to a plethora of ghosts, both young and old.
Each shop seems to have its own story. Listener Dolly Ruther joins us to share her experiences with the history and haunting of Old Town Spring! Yom HaShoah is Holocaust Remembrance Day, a day that the country of Israel observes to commemorate the extermination of approximately six million Jews and five million others who perished in the Holocaust.
Concentration camps were built in several areas of Europe to accomplish what the Nazis referred to as "The Final Solution. With the energy created by the torture and death that occurred in these camps, it is easy to believe that haunting activity would be experienced at them. No official paranormal investigations have taken place at any camp out of respect and because such investigations would seem sacrilegious, but there are many reports of weird things being reported by people who have visited.
Join us as we explore the history and hauntings of the Nazi Death Camps of the Holocaust. Santa Cruz has come up several times on the podcast. The city is a redwood forested wonderland, but it is also a mystical and supernatural dreamland. One of the most well-known locations in Santa Cruz is the Brookdale Lodge, an establishment that has been around for over a hundred years. This was a place for the wealthy and famous to relax and later became a family getaway.
Today, it is striving to recover from years of neglect to obtain some sense of its former glory. Some things left over from the past are ghosts. There is reputedly quite a bit of activity here. Moment in Oddity was suggested by listener Jennifer Durham and features two gravestones on Savannah Airport runway. The fort not only has a history as a place of protection for settlers traveling along Santa Fe Trail, but it also is where the Buffalo Soldiers came together during the Civil War.
Today, Leavenworth is known as a maximum security prison for the Department of Defense. The fort is also known as one of the most haunted locations in Kansas. Several of the properties have unexplained activity. Join us and our listeners Breanne and Collin Sanford as we explore the history and hauntings of Fort Leavenworth. Become an Executive Producer! The country of Japan does not usually cross the mind when castles are mentioned. But Japan does have castles and Himeji Castle is the largest castle in Japan.
The magnificent structure sits at the top of Himeyama, which is a point feet above sea level. The castle is made up of 83 buildings and referred to as White Heron Castle because of its coloring, which is a brilliant white and the curved roofs resemble a bird in flight. The site is also considered to be one of the most haunted locations in Japan with stories of Okiku's Well, the Old Widow's Stone and the death of Sakurai Genbei.
Join us as we explore the history, legends and hauntings of Himeji Castle. Our location was suggested by listener Jenni Watt. The city of Lakewood is a suburb of Denver, Colorado. There was never a traditional downtown in the city, but there was a central business area along Colfax Avenue and it became home to the Jewish Consumptives' Relief Society, which treated patients suffering from tuberculosis. The college offers a curriculum in animation, photography, graphic design, fine arts and fashion design, but it also offers something else: ghosts.
There have been many reports of supernatural activity on the campus and one of the people who has experienced that is our listener Kate Wilker, who suggested this location. Venice is considered one of the most romantic cities in the world and it really is an extraordinary and unusual city. The city gives the illusion as though it is floating on water as most of its streets are canals. The centerpiece of Venice is its Grand Canal that is lined with buildings whose origins date back centuries.
Venice itself was founded centuries ago and any city that old is sure to have its share of tales of ghosts and curses. One only has to glimpse just past the Venetian masks, Burano lace, Murano glass and gondolas to see the sordid and haunted past of Venice. Join us as we share a brief history of Venice and its legends and hauntings! The small town is named for a legendary Cherokee warrior and the area has a strong connection to this tribe. The university is the fifth oldest in the UNC system and was established in What started off as a high school, grew to become a teaching school and then the university that it is today.
As is the case with so many universities, it has seen its measure of death, some from tragic circumstances. This has left a spiritual residue in several of the buildings on campus. Our listener Sarah Hollingsworth is a former alum and tour guide for the school and she joins us to share the history and haunting experiences, including some of her own, at Western Carolina University.
She also shares several of the legends from the area. Franklin was a small town in Tennessee when the Civil War erupted. The war would bring the deadly Battle of Franklin to the city, leaving behind scars that would forever change the landscape of Franklin in various ways. Nearly forty years before the war, a plantation named Carnton would be built that would soon become the premier farm in the county.
The plantation would play witness not only to the battle, but to political intrigue and much death and pain. For this reason, there are those who claim that Carnton is haunted. And there are many stories of paranormal experiences that feature many different spirits. Join us as we explore the history and hauntings of the Carnton Plantation!
Our location was suggested by Tammie McCarroll-Burroughs! Much of a town's history can be found in its cemeteries.
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The granite and marble slabs carry the names of the people who founded and built the town and those who have called it home throughout the years. Some of the memorials are simple and some are very grand. But each one represents a person who was important to someone. Cemeteries are beautiful and peaceful, but sometimes that quiet is broken by the supernatural. Some cemeteries are haunted and we are going to look at several of them.
On 12 acres in West Fargo, North Dakota sits a treasure chest of historic buildings and artifacts known as Bonanzaville. This is a pioneer village and museum that is home to 43 historic buildings and over , artifacts. The historic park has been operated by the Cass County Historical Society since The buildings have been collected from various places and bring more than just historical stories with them, several of the buildings are reputedly haunted. Enough hauntings go on here that the village hosts its own ghost tours at times. Join us as we share the history and hauntings of Bonanzaville.
Our location was suggested by listener Typhanie Schafer. We have been inside the Sorrel-Weed House twice and while we have never had a paranormal experience in the house, there is definitely an energy inside this house. After starting as an Antebellum mansion to a wealthy slave owner named Francis Sorrel, it served as a store that found the outside of the house completely changed, then it was apartments and finally is a museum today, in much need of renovation.
The house was witness to tragedy and today is considered to be quite haunted and has been featured by both Ghost Hunters and Ghost Adventures.
Join us as we take you through the history and hauntings of the Sorrel-Weed House! The Moment in Oddity features a fifty degree temperature change in just 2 minutes and This Month in History features the Four Chaplains heroic act. The name bestowed upon Rotherwood Mansion really says it all. It is known as the House of Terror and Sadness. Today, it is a private residence where the inhabitants seem to live in peace, but the history here is anything but peaceful. This home was once one of the largest slave plantations in Eastern Tennessee where life for slaves was terrifying.
Death came calling many times in all of its forms: accident, suicide and murder. Left behind is the spiritual residue that attaches itself to strong emotions. Rotherwood Mansion has a reputation for being haunted. Join us as we explore the history and hauntings of Rotherwood Mansion. The Moment in Oddity features Dr. The Baker Family moved to Altoona, Pennsylvania in the s and grew a successful iron-making business. Elias was an ambitious man who ruled his family with an iron fist that resulted in him alienating his first son and driving his daughter to dedicating herself to a spinster life.
He built the family a mansion in Altoona, known as the Baker Mansion. The home remained with the family for decades and most of them died in the house. Today, there are claims that this historic home houses more than just a museum. The spirits of the family seem to have decided to stay in the afterlife. Join us and our listener Tiffany Delozier as we discuss the history and hauntings of the Baker Mansion.
In the United States, there are 59 separate natural protected areas known as National Parks. The Department of the Interior oversees these parks under the National Park Service and each area has been dedicated by an act of Congress. The effort to set aside these areas was initiated to prevent the expanding population from destroying distinct natural areas, so they could be preserved for future generations.
Yosemite National Park was one of the first parks designated for special protection. It was designated as a World Heritage Site in Join us as we explore the history and the hauntings of Yosemite National Park. The Keith-Albee Theater in Huntington, West Virginia was a part of a national chain of theaters that hosted vaudeville shows and then eventually converted to motion picture theaters. The Keith-Albee Theater also has the distinction of being one of a very few atmospheric theaters built in America.
Nearly all of them are gone today. This theater has survived and has been refurbished to its former glory. All the decades of use has left spiritual residue behind. There are rumored to be several ghosts here. Join us as we share the history and hauntings of the Keith-Albee Theater. Our location was suggested by Victoria Brooke. Cape May in New Jersey is considered to be America's oldest seaside resort and while the word "cape" is part of its name, Cape May is actually an island.
Emlen Physick, Jr. The estate is gorgeous with a unique "Stick-Style" Victorian architecture style. The doctor clearly loved the home that he shared with three other family members. They all died here and perhaps that is why it is believed that all of their spirits have remained here as well. Our location was suggested by Becki Fleming.
Every Christmas Eve we follow the tradition of telling scary ghost stories around the fire. This is the audio from our live stream, unedited and lots of fun! So if you weren't able to join us at Facebook or YouTube for the live stream, you haven't missed it completely. Gettysburg is a town in Pennsylvania that is well known for its haunts. The place is steeped in history from the bloody Battle of Gettysburg to one of the most well known Presidential speeches of all time, the Gettysburg Address given by President Abraham Lincoln.
So it only makes sense that spirits would be alive and well here. One location that is overshadowed by the Gettysburg Battlefield, but which seems to be just as haunted, is Gettysburg College. The college was founded before the Civil War in Fighting forces would cross the campus and several buildings would become field hospitals during the Battle of Gettysburg.
Listener and Executive Producer Kaydi Bigelow suggested this location and she shares with us her experience of growing up in Gettysburg and attending Gettysburg College, along with the stories of the many spirits that still seem to be hanging around the campus in the afterlife. The final resting places we are covering in this haunted cemeteries episode are all very different with one thing in common, they are all haunted. The Waldheim Cemetery is a large conglomeration of several cemeteries within one cemetery that was set aside for the Jewish dead of Chicago.
The famous specter here is a hitchhiking ghost. La Recoleta Cemetery is a graveyard that Denise has visited in Buenos Aires, Argentina and she was amazed by the beauty of the architecture of the over 4, above-ground crypts found here. Old Gray Cemetery is a historic cemetery located in Knoxville, reputedly home to another Black Aggie. And Stull Cemetery illicits chills from just the mention of the name because people who know the legend here knows that it involves portals to Hell and visits from the Devil. Join us as we explore the history and hauntings of these four cemeteries.
The Moment in Oddity features Foxfire and This Month in History features the first permanent artificial heart implant.
Suk, Freemen C. Asher joins us to share the history and hauntings of the Kentucky State Penitentiary. The hauntings that have been experienced at this place are negative and chilling. Carl Shriner, 30, executed June 20, , for killing year-old Gainesville convenience-store clerk Judith Ann Carter, who was shot five times. Gregory, Kido Cheryl, Herth I. Histological analysis allowed for the development of a specific four-grade rejection classification in analogy to the Banff criteria for hand transplantation.
Port Townsend claims to be one of the coolest small towns in America. The city had its heyday during the Victorian era and several of the historic buildings here are Victorian in design. Many of the earlier settlers envisioned the seaport becoming the largest harbor on the west coast. One of the prominent families in Port Townsend were the Eisenbeis and they built their home in in the style of a castle that is today known as Manresa Castle. This is a hotel, restaurant and lounge that not only provides accommodations for the living, but a couple of ghosts as well.
Join us as we explore the history and hauntings of Manresa Castle! Our location was suggested by Jen Morgan. The Calico Mountains rise out of the Mojave Desert, painted in a variety of colors, which is how they got their name. These mountains are home to Calico, a ghost town that was once a thriving mining town. As was the case with so many other mining towns, once the price of silver dropped, people started leaving. The gunfights, gambling and mining of the past just faded away. Today, it is a tourist attraction that seems to still be home for some of the spirits of its former residents.
Join us as we explore the history and hauntings of the town of Calico. Most cemeteries are peaceful final resting places, but occasionally these graveyards have spirits at unrest for a variety of reasons. On this episode, we have three cemeteries that we will be visiting. Then we venture to Ohio and visit Chestnut Grove Cemetery that is the final resting place of the victims of one of the most horrific train wrecks in the history of the United States. And finally we head to one of the most haunted cemeteries in America and that is, yet another cemetery named Greenwood, in Decatur, Illinois.
Join us as we explore the history and hauntings of these graveyards. The resort has three separate incarnations and seems to have been plagued with a curse of sorts, because the first two Saltair resorts were destroyed by fire and the third has suffered flooding. This originally was a family place for fun similar in style to Coney Island with carnival rides and games and today is a place that hosts concerts and other events. Historic events were hosted here and famous people visited.
Tragedy has been a part of the story and this seems to have led to spirits. While the first two locations are abandoned, they still seem to host spirits and according to guests and employees, the third version of Saltair is quite haunted. Our listener Annjanette Beth suggested this location and helped with research. She joins us to share the history and hauntings of the Saltair Resort. Whitby, Ontario is in southeastern Ontario and is what we would consider a suburb of Toronto. The name is Danish and means "White Village.
Camp 30 was an urban explorers playground with several abandoned, crumbling buildings just waiting to be explored. This was a former school for delinquent boys and World War II prisoner-of-war camp that housed Nazis. While things were good for the prisoners, life at the school for the boys was horrible and several died.
This has left behind some spiritual residue.